Technological Change and the Environment

evidence on invention, innovation, and diffusion and the related literature on the effects of environmental policy on the creation of new, environmentally friendly technology. We conclude with suggestions for further research on technological change and the environment. Key Words: technological change, induced innovation, environment, policy

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Serotonergic Dysfunction, Negative Mood States, and ...

Genetic and Environmental Effects on Serotonergic Neurotransmission The nonhuman primate studies indicate that a low serotonin turnover rate may be an intermediate trait that predisposes subjects to aggressive behavior and excessive alcohol intake and may thus be present before chronic alcohol consumption has occurred (Heinz et al., 1998a ...

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7 The Pulp and Paper Industry | Industrial Environmental ...

It produces 9 million tons of pulp each year (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1997a). The pulp and paper industry is the most capital intensive in the United States, spending approximately $130,000 per employee each year in plant and equipment. …

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Environmental, Economic, and Social Implications of ...

fewer environmental impacts during use. In a subsequent research study using a LCA inventory analysis, Horvath and Hendrickson (1998a) found that asphalt pavements are more Fig. 1. Typical pavement life cycle Table 1. Pros and Cons of EIO-LCA Comparison Conventional LCA EIO-LCA Methods † Itemizes the input and output in each step of producing ...

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Environmental Fate of Fipronil - fluoridealert.org

ENVIRONMENTAL FATE OF FIPRONIL Pete Connelly Environmental Monitoring Branch Department of Pesticide Regulation California Environmental Protection Agency P.O. Box 4015 Sacramento, CA 4015 December 2001 This document reviews the environmental fate and environmental effects of …

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Hydrochloric acid | National Pollutant Inventory

Hydrochloric acid has a high acute toxic effect on all forms of life. There is no information on long term effects. It will also accelerate the dissolution of many minerals, such as the carbonates (including limestone) and all aluminosilicates (such as clays and many igneous rocks).

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POLYACRYLAMIDE IN AGRICULTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL …

sealing. Effects, such as increased infiltration and water retention, are often evident immediately on soil incorporation, whereas other effects, such as aggregation, depend on chemical and biological processes occurring over weeks or months. Mineral conditioners can modify chemical or physical processes. Lime, for example, raises soil pH.

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Chapter 6. Environmental Consequences 6.1 Introduction

Environmental Assessment for Leased Lands at Lower Klamath and Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuges, Oregon/California (IPM Plan) (Service 1998a). Many of the same pesticide-related effects assessed in that document also apply to pesticide use elsewhere on refuge lands.

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Chapter 6. Environmental Consequences 6.1 Introduction

Environmental Assessment for Leased Lands at Lower Klamath and Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuges, Oregon/California (IPM Plan) (Service 1998a). Many of the same pesticide-related effects assessed in that document also apply to pesticide use elsewhere on refuge lands.

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Environmental effects on the quality of two wheat ...

genotypes: 1. quantitative and qualitative variation of storage proteins ... Daniel et al., 1998a,b). Changes in the ratios between different protein units and subunits have rarely been signalled, and ... Environmental effect on grain weight, total and storage protein contenta

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Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Child Development

Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy contributes to a range of effects in exposed children, including hyperactivity and attention problems, learning and memory deficits, and problems with social and emotional development.

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TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND THE ENVIRONMENT

effects of environmental policy on the creation of new, environmentally friendly tech-nology. We conclude with suggestions for further research on technological change and the environment. Keywords technological change, induced innovation, environmental policy, invention, diffusion JEL classification : D24, D83, O14, O3, Q25, Q28, Q4

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Environmental Impact Assessment of Steel Bridges

Life-cycle assessments (LCA) are carried out on steel and concrete composite road bridges to detect environmental impact parameters and to find areas where improvements are necessary.

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4.0 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS - globalsecurity.org

environment, and by overlaying the contour plot on a map of the vicinity, the degree of change and the extent of noise effects were identified. Projected noise impacts at five proposed transition ...

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A Framework to Assist in Making Endangered Species Act ...

effects, a checklist for documenting the environmental baseline and effects of the proposed action( s) on the relevant indicators, and a dichotomous key for making determinations of effect and documenting expected incidental take.

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Developing Policies for Agriculture and the Environment

To make things more complex, many policies are administered on a commodity basis, whereas the environmental effects of agriculture are resource-specific. Furthermore, there can be a considerable time lag between a change in a policy and its environmental impact.

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Effects of Fluids on the Deformation, Strength and ...

Abstract. This article provides an overview on the effects of fluids onthe deformation and durability of polymeric composites. This subject isimportant for the ever-increasing application of composites in offshorestructures, submersibles, and civil infrastructure.

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Effects of Fluids on the Deformation, Strength and ...

Abstract. This article provides an overview on the effects of fluids onthe deformation and durability of polymeric composites. This subject isimportant for the ever-increasing application of composites in offshorestructures, submersibles, and civil infrastructure.

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Bismuth in 1998 - minerals.usgs.gov

an environmental impact, such as shot used in waterfowl hunting. Although this has been the only application showing a consistent, significant increase in demand as a substitute for ... Metal Bulletin, 1998a, Bismuth leaching yields success at Nico: Metal Bulletin, no. 8269, April 16, p. 10.

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Environmental Assessment for Replacement Medical Clinic ...

Environmental Impact Analysis Process Environmental Assessment for Replacement Medical Clinic 61st Medical Squadron Contract Number Grant Number Program Element Number Author(s) Project Number Task Number Work Unit Number Performing Organization Name(s) and Address(es) TRC 21 Technology Drive Irvine, CA 92618 Performing Organization Report Number

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www.cerc.usgs.gov

COE, 1998a, Revised Draft Environmental Impact Statement: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Northwest Division Missouri River Region, Master Water Control Manual Missouri River Review and Update Study, v. 2A, 614 p.

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Kondolf, G.M. (1998a).Environmental effects of aggregate ...

The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and gravel resources occur.

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Appendix J Noise - Surface Transportation Board Home Page

Surface Transportation Board (STB). 2003. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Construction and Operation of a Rail Line from the Bayport Loop in Harris County, Tx. May, 2003. Surface Transportation Board (STB). 1998a. Final Environmental Impact Statement No. 980194, Conrail Acquisition (Finance Docket No. 33388) by CSX Corporation and CSX

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Kondolf GM 1998a Environmental effects of aggregate ...

Kondolf GM (1998a). Environmental effects of aggregate extraction from river channels and floodplains, Aggregate resources – A global perspective: A.A, Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 129. Kondolf GM (1998b). Lessons learned from river restoration projects in California. Aquat.

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Toxic substance profile: Surfactants - UK Marine SAC

Effects in the marine environment. Toxicity to marine organisms. An exhaustive literature review on the toxicity of surfactants to marine organisms has not been carried out for the purposes of this profile.

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ASTM-D6046 | Standard Classification of Hydraulic Fluids ...

Although environmental persistence is discussed first, this classification does not imply that considerations of environmental persistence should take precedence over concerns for ecotoxicity. 1.4 Another important aspect of environmental impact is bioaccumulation.

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The Environmental Effects of Genetically Modified Crops ...

The objective of this article is to discuss the ecological principles and questions that have emerged from the environmental impact of this technology, and to consider the present state of knowledge about the different kinds of environmental effects of GM insect resistant crops available so far.

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Generic Ecological Assessment Endpoints (GEAEs) for ...

Generic Ecological Assessment Endpoints (GEAEs) for Ecological Risk Assessment Risk Assessment Forum ... (U.S. EPA, 1998a). Following the publication of the guidelines, the Forum surveyed ... National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development U.S. EPA Corvallis, OR 97333 ...

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Calculation of higher heating values of fatty acids ...

On the other hand, the proximate analysis only requires standard laboratory equipments such as only a balance and a furnace and needs moderately trained analysts (Demirbas, 1998a Demirbas, A. 1998a. Combustion properties and calculation of higher heating values …

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The environmental effects of the installation and ...

The environmental effects of the installation and functioning of the ... This paper describes the two-phase study of the environmental impact of the SwePol Link submarine electrical energy ... 1998a,b). Some of the information included in this

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Effects of Environmental Factors on Germination and ...

Swallowwort, a twining perennial of the Asclepiadaceae family, has become increasingly invasive in cultivated fields, orchards, fence rows, natural areas, and roadsides of some provinces in Iran.

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING

lifecycle costing or environmental cost accounting - can be placed and assigned. The management of a company can choose appropriate tools on the basis of their information needs. Similarly, in a series of publications (1997, 1998a, 1998b), Bennett and James describe the diverse range and scope of environmental management accounting.

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Gene-Environment Interaction - an overview | ScienceDirect ...

Gene × environment interaction (G × E) occurs when the effect of the environmental exposure on a certain outcome is strongly influenced or contingent upon genotype and vice versa (gene effect on the outcome is contingent on exposure), see Figure 12 B–D (for review see Reference (66)).

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A conceptual model for teaching the relationship of daily ...

teaching ecology and human environmental impact units that links daily life, human environmental impact and ecological function. Conceptual Framework Conceptions of Nature and the Environment Studies of student conceptions of nature, the environment, and human environmental impact

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A conceptual model for teaching the relationship of daily ...

teaching ecology and human environmental impact units that links daily life, human environmental impact and ecological function. Conceptual Framework Conceptions of Nature and the Environment Studies of student conceptions of nature, the environment, and human environmental impact

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Environmental management accounting | ACCA Qualification ...

Environmental risks cannot be ignored, they are now as much a part of running a successful business as product design, marketing, and sound financial management. Poor environmental behaviour may have a real adverse impact on the business and its finances.

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Sulfuric acid | National Pollutant Inventory

Overview Health effects Environmental effects Sources of emissions References Description ... Sulfuric acid is the world's largest volume industrial chemical. The main use is in the production of phosphate fertilizers. ... National Environment Protection Council (1998a), National Environment Protection Measure for the National Pollutant ...

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A Proposed Framework for Investigation of Cause for ...

A Proposed Framework for Investigation of Cause for Environmental Effects Monitoring ... environmental effects is a specific, identified stage in this monitoring program, but ... 1998a…

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The Integration of Cumulative Environmental Impact ...

The Integration of Cumulative Environmental Impact Assessments and State Environmental Review Frameworks by Zhao Ma, Dennis R. Becker and Michael A. Kilgore January 2009 Staff Paper Series No. 201 Department of Forest Resources College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences University of Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota

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Toxic substance profile: Surfactants - UK Marine SAC

Effects in the marine environment. Toxicity to marine organisms. An exhaustive literature review on the toxicity of surfactants to marine organisms has not been carried out for the purposes of this profile.

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